Here is a full list of the armies available on Rise of Rome. Pick the one you prefer or build your own through the powerful D.A.G. (Digital Army Generator)
This list covers the armies from 280-105BC - from the war against Pyrrhos of Epirus until the reforms of Marius.
Late Republican Roman
These armies cover the period from 105 to 25 BC. During this time Gaul, Cyrenaica, Egypt, Syria and additional swathes of Asia Minor were added to the empire. Civil wars during this period led to Octavian becoming the first Roman emperor under the name Augustus. Velites were only available before 80 BC.
Gallic armies existed between the beginning of the fourth century BC until 50 BC when Caesar's conquest was complete. Generally they fought in close order, even though this disadvantaged them in rough terrain. Some tribes fought naked in close order on familiar terrain. Before 250 BC chariot bases must at least equal cavalry bases. Warriors were heavy foot.
Mid-Republican Roman Late Republican Roman Gallic
This covers the period 280 to 272 BC. During this time the Hellenistic general Pyrrhos campaigned in Italy, Sicily, and Greece. Pyrrhos is famous for his Pyrrhic victories where he won but his armies suffered exceptionally heavy losses. He was the only Hellenistic general to win a victory against a major Roman army in battle. He was regarded by Hannibal as the second greatest general of all time, after Alexander the Great. Troops included Xystophoroi and Javelin armed heavy cavalry.
These armies were active from 275 BC to 146 BC, from the aftermath of the war against Pyrrhos of Epiros until the Roman destruction of Carthage at the end of the third Punic war. Troops available during this time period only include Greek mercenary hoplites and Thureophoroi.
Illyrian tribes were fond of raiding by land and sea for slaves and loot. Unusually they armed their slaves who then fought alongside them in battle. This description covers the period from the later 4th century BC until the beginning of the 1st Century AD. Their tactics changed from mostly skirmishing to formed bodies of spearmen. Rome fought a series of wars against the Illyrians from 229 BC until their final subjugation in 9 AD. In the campaign against Epiros in 385 BC Illyrians fought as hoplites and had support from Syracusan allies.
Phyrric Later Carthaginian Illyrian
This description covers the time period from mid 3rd century BC to the end of the 1st century BC. Lusitanian foot were all caetrati, but some were equipped for close combat with a few even wearing mail. Sertorius is upgraded to be an Inspired Commander, his large shield cavalry become drilled cavalry and his heavy caetrati grow to be Medium Foot.
After the death of Alexander the Great, a round of civil wars ended with his empire divided into three parts. Macedon, to the north of Greece, was one of these parts and existed from 260 BC until it was annexed by Rome in 148 BC. An option is to upgrade Thureophoroi to Thorakitai.
The Attalid dynasty began with Philetaeros, Lysimachos' governor of the great city of Pergamon. He switched sides to Seleukos in 282 BC. Eumenes I , his heir and nephew declared independence in 262 BC. Pergamon was allied with Rome against Macedon in the First, Second and Third Macedonian wars, and against the Seleucid kingdom in the Syrian war. After Rome and Pergamon were victorious at Magnesia against the Seleucids in 190 BC, Eumenes II was granted all the Seleucid territories west of the Taurus. The kingdom was bequeathed to Rome by Attalos III on his death in 133 BC. His illegitimate half brother, Aristonikos, rebelled but was suppressed by 129 BC. Optional Troops include Cataphracts, Phalangites and Elephants, all after 190 BC.
Spanish Later Macedonian Attalid Pergamene
Numidian and early Moorish were semi-nomadic tribes existing to the west of Carthage. Their warriors fought mainly as javelin skirmishers, attacking with javelins and using their superior speed and agility to evade their enemies charges. The Carthaginians used them in their Punic wars and at Cannae where their involvement was pivotal. From 55 BC Imitation Legionaries became available. In 47 BC Bogus had Spanish foot available to him.
At its height the Seleucid kingdom ranged from western Asia minor to India, but had lost Bactria in the north east to Greek rebels. In 192 BC Antichos III invaded Greece, but was defeated at Thermopylae in 191 BC, and again at Magnesia in 190 BC. After these defeats the kingdom lost most of Asia Minor. Soon after this the Parthians took over most of the Eastern provinces leaving only Syria and Mesopotamia. Constant civil wars took place until the Romans deposed the last Seleucid Princes and made the remnants of the kingdom into a Roman province. Prior to 166 BC the Agyraspides were protected pikemen.
The Ptolemaic kingdom in Egypt was one of the three major Hellenistic kingdoms into which Alexander the Great's empire was divided. By 166 BC the territories under Ptolemaic control were reduced to Egypt and Cyprus. Before 55 BC the following troops were available:- Guard Phalangites, Macedonian Phalangites, Egyptian Phalangites, Galatian foot, Elephants. After 55 BC Roman Legionaries became available.
Numidian Later Seleucid Later Ptolemaic
Starting with Pontus, a small Kingdom on the south coast of the Black Sea, Mithridates then conquered the Kingdom of Bosporus on the north coast and expanded his borders in Anatolia at the expense of the neighbouring kingdoms. These called on Rome for help but Mithridates defeated the armies sent against him in 88 BC under the control of Manius Aquilius. After this victory he surged into Greece. This was a high water mark for Mithridates. Soon a new army was sent to Greece under the famous general Sulla. Sulla defeated the Pontic armies, and Mithridates sued for peace. Once this was achieved he converted his army to Roman style legions. Mithridates fought against Rome at various points over the next twenty five years with mixed results. Eventually his subjects became tired of him and revolted. At this point Mithridates committed suicide. Pikemen and Imitation legionaries were available before 84 BC.
Spartacus Slave Revolt
In 73 BC, Spartacus was one of 70 gladiators who broke out of the school of Lentulus batiatus in Capua. They fought and won a series of battles against increasingly large Roman forces sent to recapture them. Eventually some 120,000 slaves joined in the revolt. Spartacus gradually manoeuvred to the south of Italy where he was hemmed in and ultimately defeated by Pompey and Crassus. The slaves were all Heavy Foot.
The mountains of Armenia allowed it to maintain its independence from the great empires throughout the period from 331 BC (Declaration of independence by Ervand II) to 252 BC (Overthrow of Trdat II by the Sassanids)
Pontic Spartacus Revolt Early Armenian
At its height, the Parthian kingdom covered the whole of modern Iran, as well as parts of the surrounding regions. Founded in 250 BC by the nomadic Parni, the kingdom was ruled by the Arsacid dynasty. The kingdom was an uneasy neighbour to Rome, halting its expansion eastward until it was overthrown by its Sassanid Persian vassals in 225 AD.
In 167 BC the Jews revolted against their Seleucid rulers. Eventually Judaean independence was secured. Civil wars and Roman intervention resulted in the placement of Herod the Great as ruler. When Herod died in 4 BC Herod Archelaus ended up as ruler of Judaea. HE ruled so badly that, at the request of his subjects he was deposed by the Romans in 6AD. Judaea became an autonomous part of the Roman province of Syria. Between 148 BC and 63 BC the foot phalanx were upgraded to pikemen. Hycranus II has the advantage of the availability of Natabaean allies.
The Bosporan kingdom existed from 348 BC until 375 AD. From 108 BC to 63 BC the kingdom was under the rule of viceroys of Mithridates VI of Pontus. After circa 10 AD the kingdom became a Roman client kingdom. Before 300 BC, Thracian mercenaries armed with light spears and swords, Sindi, Maiotian, or other foot archers were available. Thracian mercenaries (offensive spearmen), were obtainable before 250 BC. Before 108 BC, Lancers and Horse archers were to be had.
Parthians Later Jewish Bosporan